Instructional Technology

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Instructional Technology

Lets focus on the basics of visual design and composition...

Elements of Visual Design

Icon objectives.jpg

At the end of this lesson, the audience will be able to:

  1. Name the elements in visual design
  2. Apply the rules of third

  • Line
    • A line is a path that connects two points.
    • It can be straight, curved, diagonal, or zigzag. Lines imply motion and suggest direction or orientation.
  • Shape
    • A shape is the closed form of lines.
    • Primary shapes: ovals, squares, triangles and hexagons
  • Form
    • The three-dimensional quality of an object
-this is due in part to light, and dark areas.
-when light from a point (torch light or sun) hits an object, part of the object is in shadow.
-light and dark areas on an image provide contrast
-this suggest volume.
  • Color
    • Colors play an important role in affecting our emotion.
    • Common terms found in colors:
      • Hue (it is the primary colors of red, green, and blue)
      • Saturation (the purity or intensity of the color)
      • Analogous colors (adjacent colors on the color wheel; green-yellow-orange)
      • Complementary colors (opposite colors on the color wheel; e.g. red-green)
    • Cool colors (blue, green, purple)
    • Warm colors (red, orange, yellow)
  • Texture
    • The quality or "feel" of an object - smooth, rough, soft, etc.
    • Textures may be actual or implied
  • Composition
    • Arranging elements within a frame
  • Unity
    • Ordering elements in an image to look aesthetically unified
  • Dominance and Subordinate
    • Achieved through size and color
      • large and bright images dominate
  • Balance
    • Balance implies that the visual elements within the frame have a sense of weight.
  • Positive and Negative Space
    • Negative space is the empty space around shapes and forms
    • This is important for creating balance and for the eyes to relax
  • Rhythm
    • Regular repeating occurrence of elements in the scene like a series of columns and fence.
  • Proportion
    • Applying the rule of thirds
    • Placing important objects at the four intersection of the nine grids
  • Simplicity

Differences between Educational Technology and Instructional Technology

Educational Technology (second level title)

Seen as combination of instructional theory and learning theory
Instructional Theory

Part 1 (third level title)

  • ARCS Model (bulleted list)
  1. numbered list (indented)
  2. second list
  • Elaboration Theory

Part 2

ARCS Model
Learning theory

Various ID Models

  1. The simplest: ADDIE Model
  • first indented bullet
  1. Systems Model